Bloat, also known as gastric torsion, is one of the most devastating conditions a dog owner can face. It is a common condition happening quickly and without warning. In addition, while there are many theories of why bloat happens, experts are still not 100% certain why it does occur.
All we know is that bloat happens suddenly and can take dogs much too early in life. For this reason, it is important for owners to know the signs and symptoms of bloat for early detection, which could save your dog’s life.
What is Bloat?
Scientifically known as Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus, GVD, or gastric torsion, bloat is a twisting of the stomach, which occurs when the stomach rapidly fills with gas and fluid.
When bloat occurs, the stomach begins to rotate in the abdomen, which closes both ends of the stomach. Once you have the twisted stomach, the gas and fluid have nowhere to go. That fluid begins to ferment in the closed stomach and the pressure builds up.
If it is not found early, the lack of blood supply to the stomach will lead to the stomach tissue dying. Bloat leads to other problems that complicate the matter such as a tear in the stomach, difficulty breathing, and no blood flow to the heart. It is extremely painful for the dog and needs to be treated immediately with veterinarian care.
Even with care, the prognosis is not good and only 50% of dogs who receive treatment for bloat survive.
While it can affect all dogs, check if your dog is at a greater risk for the condition next.