With the warmer months upon us, more and more people are getting out and enjoying the sunshine with their dogs. And that means, coming out of hibernation and socializing more. While that isn’t a bad thing, it can put your dog at risk for certain diseases including kennel cough. To protect your dog, let’s look at the signs and symptoms of kennel cough and how to both prevent and treat it.
What is Kennel Cough?
A respiratory infection in dogs, kennel cough affects a high number of dogs every year. Also known as infectious tracheobronchitis, dogs contract infectious tracheobronchitis due to several different viruses, however, the primary causes are:
- Bordetella bronchiseptica: This is a small, rod-like bacterium that leads to bronchitis in dogs.
- Canine parainfluenza virus: This is simply what it sounds like, a virus that presents like a cold in dogs. It is non-life threatening, although highly contagious.
When a dog contracts the virus or bacteria, he ends up having a cold. This can lead to a number of symptoms that can be very scary for dog owners. In addition, it can be spread very easily and is highly infectious.
Infectious tracheobronchitis attacks the upper respiratory system and trachea and lead to irritation of the airways.
Studies have also shown that some viruses increase susceptibility to the bordetella infection, including:
- Canine Reovirus
- Canine Herpes Virus
- Distemper Virus
- Canine Adenovirus-2
- Respiratory Coronavirus