Do you know all about your vitamins and minerals? Iodine deficiency may not be something you tend to worry about but it is easy to be deficient in this mineral without even knowing, which is worrying.
What Is Iodine?
Iodine is a trace mineral. If you do not take sufficient amounts of iodine-rich foods into your body, it can impact the production of certain hormones such as triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). These are vital for the regulation of cellular metabolic activities. It’s also a necessity for brain development as well as for other organs including the heart, kidneys, liver, and brain. As such, it’s important to understand the relevance of all vitamins and minerals so that you have a good nutritious diet and avoid unnecessary health issues.
Iodine Deficiency in the Thyroid Gland
Your body does not make iodine, so it must form an essential part of your diet. When there are insufficient levels of iodine in your body, it is not possible to make sufficient thyroid hormones. Deficiency of iodine can lead to hypothyroidism and to the enlargement of the thyroid gland. Approximately 40% of the world’s population is at risk of being iodine deficient. In fact, the World Health Organization (WHO) states that iodine deficiency is viewed as the most prevalent but easily preventable cause of impaired cognitive development in children. As such, approximately 30 million people suffer from this condition which is preventable.